21st century is all about the latest futuristic technology that includes self-learning algorithms and machines, big data, and the Internet of Things (IoT). We have witnessed unique creations and innovations over the past few years within the realms of IoT and AI. However, specifically speaking about the Internet of Things, the development within this sector has seen a significant growth – which is also due to the growing consumer demand for intelligent devices that can be controlled through their smartphones or other devices for convenience.
Which brings us to our next point, how one develops an app for IoT? For this we need to get the basic understanding out of the way.
What is Internet of Things?
Think about all the devices including the lighting around your home being connected to the internet, collecting and sharing the data – which is being stored on online servers. That pretty much sums up IoT. However, the part that converts these devices into smart devices are super-cheap computer chips, sensors, cloud computing and wireless networks.
If you think about it, with the advancement of IoT, any physical object can be transformed into an intelligent IoT device; which can be connected to the internet. As mentioned above, it could be something like a light bulb that can be switched on or off from your smartphone app, or even a child’s favorite toy that can be located around the house through a sensor sending data to the app.
The sky is the limited with IoT development and the future investment figures show its bright prospects. The market revenue of IoT end-user solutions is expected to grow around 1.6 trillion by the year 2025. Another report by Marina research estimates a growth of $3 trillion by the same year. Either way, these numbers are skyrocketing.
Rest assured, IoT has impacted many industries as we speak including healthcare, home automation, entertainment, gaming, automotive, logistics, supply chain management, so on, and so forth.
Coming towards some of the key components of IoT, there aren’t many but that is the beauty of the technology of the future. So let us discuss those.
Key Components of IoT
Internet of Things is comprised of three basic and main elements: Cloud, network, and things in themselves.
Cloud: It is an internet platform or a server where the data is stored, acquired, transmitted, and processed. The cloud collects data in real-time and process it for output. Since the data produced by IoT devices is so high that the conventional ways of data storage is no longer the answer or solution. This is why cloud systems are introduced for IoT data storage, processing and transmittance.
Network: Network as the name suggests does the same job of a router; which is connecting the smart devices to the network and also creating a link between different things over the network. This network then gather data from all these devices and arranges them in systematic order.
Things in Themselves: These are the activities that are performed and achieved in this sector. Those activities could be controlling your home lights remotely. Such activities require an embedded operating system which helps in sending commands, receiving them, and updating them in the respected data system.
Now that we have an idea about Internet of Things and its main components on which it relies – we can discuss the development of applications for IoT. A software development company that provides services in IoT is aware of the process that is required to develop a great IoT software or app.
IoT App Development Factors
1. Choose a Proper Platform
This is one of the most critical stage for app developers, as selecting an appropriate platform will boost the success of the IoT app development process. A great platform would support the IoT applications along with all of the components.
There are several renown platforms such as Android Ubidots, Thingworx, and Xively that have proven to be the ultimate tools for the developers, each presenting with its own features. Of course, the platforms mentioned allow you to not start everything from scratch, as much of the functionality is offered already.
Taking Thingworx as an example, it alone provides several benefits that include: optimization of business activities, creation of new revenue streams, enhancement of user experience on the app, and more.
This is why choosing the right platform for your IoT app needs would make the process of its development smoother, faster, assisted, and successful.
2. Take the IoT industry into Consideration
Researching about the IoT industry would do you much good as the services offered by this technology has surpassed the generic scope to a larger network with countless possibilities yet to be discovered.
So you need to look into the applications of IoT that are assisting the many industries in their operations by connecting their devices to a system and of course the network – creating a larger solution. By doing your research you would be able to see where improvements can be made and what different functionalities and solutions your app can offer to the IoT industry.
3. Security of IoT Data
Developers need to incorporate best network and device security practices within the app to allow safe communication of devices and protecting them from any third-party access.
4. Zero Compromise on Speed and Quality
As any app developers, and IoT app developer needs to understand that speed and quality plays an equally important part in these apps as in any other. Your IoT app should be speed-optimized, allowing fast computations.
5. Detaching API Interface from Services
Considering the market of IoT is dynamic and the trends are bound to change, developers needs to consider creating an app that is flexible. This flexibility can be achieved by separating the API interfaces. This will allow users to access the app on either the mobile or the desktop with ease; considering these two platforms are the most popular amongst the consumers. Although mobile apps have taken over desktop usage by a large margin.
6. Impeccable Data Management
Considering IoT and data go hand in hand, developers need to understand ‘data’ within the IoT devices, apps and services plays the most significant role. And hence, there should be a seamless data management integrated within the app for elevated user experience.
IoT Is the Future
More and more organizations and sectors will look for IoT solutions and with this, app developers need to make their products scalable and flexible. Not only they woud require a high-level of understanding of the respective field they are creating the app for, they would also require to understand the dynamics of IoT altogether.
Nonetheless, the IoT market is thriving and so is the IT industry, researching and developing Innovative software applications be it mobile apps, web apps, or complete software.